Habitat: Wooded areas, grassy areas, gardens, shrubs, foliage, crawlspaces, garages, barns, storage sheds, sitting vehicles, areas that provide sunbathing opportunity.
Diet: rodents, small mammals, insects, amphibians, lizards, smaller snakes, birds.
Known Attractions: Food sources, shelter, areas that provide sunbathing opportunities, anything that attracts rodents.
Risks: Venomous bites in some species, especially hazardous to pets and children.
Signs of Presence: Shedded skin, trails in grass
Georgia hosts a wide variety of snake species, some harmless and some dangerous. Venomous species native to Georgia include Copperheads, Water Moccasins, Coral Snakes and a variety of Rattlesnakes. The severity of snake bites vary depending on the species. For example, a bite from a Copperhead (the most common snakebite in GA) is rarely fatal due to low potency. In contrast, a bite from an Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake is very serious as their venom is a potent hemotoxin that destroys red blood cells and can be fatal if medical treatment isn’t quickly received. Thankfully, in modern times the abundant availability of antivenom in hospitals has made fatalities in humans rare. However, pets, children and the elderly are at greater risk for complications, even from species with lower venom potency. Snakes can make themselves at home on your property in wooded areas, your yard, shrubs, crawlspaces, sheds, garages and basements. If you spot a snake on your property, do not attempt to remove it yourself! Some venomous and non-venomous species can be hard to tell apart. Let a trained and licensed professional assess and remove snakes from your property.
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